Diabetes: How We Treat


How is diabetes treated after it has been diagnosed?

Children with Type 1 diabetes require frequent blood sugar testing and insulin replacement. Children will need to test their blood sugar 4-8 times per day using a small hand-held device called a glucometer. Unfortunately, insulin can only be given intravenously or subcutaneously, so it generally requires multiple daily subcutaneous injections. At the Barbara Davis Center, families are taught how to draw up insulin from a vial and how to safely inject it just under their child’s skin. Children with Type 1 diabetes generally need at least 4 injections of insulin every day.

The best treatment for Type 2 diabetes is weight loss and increased physical activity. However, most children with Type 2 diabetes will also need the addition of a medication called metformin, which is generally given twice a day as the dosage is increased over several weeks. Some children will also need the addition of subcutaneous insulin injections to help control their blood sugar. Currently, there are a number of other medications used to treat Type 2 diabetes in adults, but none of these are approved for use in children.

Why choose Children’s Hospital Colorado for your child’s diabetes treatment?

Children and teens with diabetes receive care at The Barbara Davis Center for Childhood Diabetes. There, pediatric diabetes experts provide holistic, family-centered care for children with diabetes.

The care team at the Barbara Davis Center for Childhood Diabetes includes board-certified pediatric endocrinologists, physician assistants, nurse practitioners and certified diabetes educators in nutrition, nursing and family counseling. This multidisciplinary team can devise plans to manage your child’s diabetes, which may include dietary changes, exercise, medicine and weight loss.