Epididymitis: Overview

What is epididymitis?

Epididymitis refers to inflammation of the epididymis – a densely coiled tube, in which sperm mature and are transported from the testis to the vas deferens.

What causes epididymitis?

Epididymitis can be caused by a bacterial or non-bacterial (viral) infection, trauma or reflux of urine into the epididymis.

Who gets epididymitis?

Males of all ages can get epididymitis. In many cases, epididymitis cannot be prevented. However, prompt treatment of a urinary tract infection may prevent infection from spreading to the epididymis. Taking appropriate precautions against sexually transmitted diseases will also reduce the risk of a child getting developing epididymitis.