Hydrocephalus: Signs and Symptoms

What are the signs and symptoms of hydrocephalus?

The typical signs and symptoms of hydrocephalus are caused by increased pressure inside the brain and skull and can include progressively worsening headaches often with nausea and or vomiting. Other signs can include problems with balance, coordination, memory and blurred or “double” vision. Some children have behavioral changes or a marked decline in school performance.

Signs and symptoms of hydrocephalus can be quite different in infants and toddlers. Because the bones of the skull are not yet fused together in this age group, they may show no signs other than a rapidly increasing head size.

Adults with normal pressure hydrocephalus (a form of hydrocephalus that typically affects older adults) may have with balance disturbance, incontinence and dementia.