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Neonatal Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia: Signs and Symptoms


What are the signs and symptoms of bronchopulmonary dysplasia?

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia is diagnosed while a baby is still in the hospital. However, once a baby comes home, parents still need to watch for signs when a child has serious trouble breathing, respiratory distress or BPD-related emergencies. Signs that an infant might need immediate care include:

  • Faster breathing than normal
  • Working much harder than usual to breathe (belly sinking in with breathing, pulling in of the skin between the ribs with each breath)
  • Growing tired or lethargic from working to breathe
  • More coughing than usual
  • Panting or grunting
  • Wheezing
  • Pale, dusky or blue skin color that may start around the lips or nail beds
  • Trouble feeding or excess spitting up or vomiting after feedings

If you notice any of these symptoms in your child, call your doctor or seek emergency medical attention right away.