Allergy Conditions We Treat at Children's Hospital Colorado
What is an allergic reaction?
Allergic reactions occur when the body's immune system responds to a harmless substance as if it were a toxin or a foreign invader. This overactive response can be caused by one of several different types of immune mechanisms and can involve virtually any organ or multiple organs in the body. The parts of the body that are commonly involved in allergic reactions include the nasal passages, the eyes, the skin, and the gastrointestinal tract.
What are common allergy symptoms?
Symptoms associated with allergic disease often include itching, redness and swelling of the involved organ. When the respiratory system is involved, additional symptoms may include mucous production, nasal congestion, postnasal drip, sneezing, coughing, wheezing and difficulty breathing. Other gastrointestinal symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, poor appetite, food refusal and failure to gain or maintain weight. Anaphylaxis is the term used to refer to an allergic reaction that is life threatening and involves multiple organ systems.
What causes allergic reactions?
The timing of allergic reactions varies depending upon the immune mechanism involved in causing the reaction. Some allergic reactions occur immediately after a sensitized person is exposed to the allergen, whereas other allergic reactions take hours to days to develop. Skin testing may help to determine the cause of reaction when symptoms occur soon after exposure to the allergen, but are often not helpful when the allergic reaction occurs hours to days after exposure.
Conditions We Evaluate and Treat
- Allergic and non-allergic rhinitis (allergic nasal symptoms, hay fever)
- Chronic rhinitis
- Chronic sinusitis
- Allergic and non-allergic asthma
- Exercise-induced asthma
- Vocal cord dysfunction
- Chronic cough
- Atopic dermatitis (eczema)
- Food allergy and intolerance (please see Digestive, Liver and Pancreas for Celiac Disease)
- Drug allergy
- Animal dander allergy
- Insect venom allergy
- Acute and chronic urticaria (hives)