- Upper, mid or lower back pain that occurs mainly in the midline
- Not due to a known major (e.g., auto accident, fall) back injury
- Lower back pain is a cause of countless visits to doctors' offices and emergency rooms. It is the second most common cause of lost work days, after cold and flu symptoms. Over 80% of people at some point in their lives have back pain.
- In most cases, the cause of lower back pain is not serious, and the pain usually subsides within 4-6 weeks, without special treatment.
- New lower back pain in the 18-50 year old age group is usually from straining some of the 200 muscles in the back.
- Often the triggering event is carrying something too heavy, lifting from an awkward position, or bending too far backward or sideways.
- Individuals with strained back muscles often note that the pain is increased by bending or twisting movements. They also note that the pain can be reduced by assuming certain positions and that the back muscles are tender to touch.
- Complete bed rest is inconvenient and unnecessary in the most patients with back pain.
- Research has shown that continuing ordinary activities within the limits permitted by pain results in a speedier recovery than rest.
See More Appropriate Topic (instead of this one) If
- CHEST PAIN, if the pain is in the part of the upper back that overlies the rib cage rather than the spine.
Should I Call?
WHEN TO CALL YOUR DOCTOR
Call 911 Now (you may need an ambulance) If
- Passed out (fainted)
- Very weak (can't stand)
Call Your Doctor Now (night or day) If
- You feel weak or very sick
- Severe pain
- Visible sweat on face or sweat is dripping down face
- Associated abdominal pain
- Weakness of a leg or foot
- Tingling or numbness in the legs or feet
- Numbness in groin or rectal area
- Unable to urinate and your bladder feels very full
- Blood in urine
- Fever and pain over lower ribs of back (flank)
- Vomiting and pain over lower ribs of back
- Pain or burning with urination and pain over lower ribs of back
- Pain goes into groin or scrotum
- Pregnant and pain is not relieved with rest
Call Your Doctor Within 24 Hours (between 9 am and 4 pm) If
- You think you need to be seen
- You have a history of cancer, HIV, or intravenous drug abuse
- Rash or blisters in same area as pain
Call Your Doctor During Weekday Office Hours If
- You have other questions or concerns
- Back pain lasts more than 2 weeks
- Back pain is a recurrent, ongoing problem
- Over 50 years old and you have not experienced similar back pain previously
- Back pain lasts more than 3 days and it interferes with normal activities or awakens you from sleep
- Pain radiates (shoots, spreads) into the thigh or down a leg
Self Care at Home If
- Mild back pain and you don't think you need to be seen
Care at Home
HOME CARE ADVICE FOR MILD BACK PAIN
- Reassurance: Heavy lifting or excessive twisting can cause lower back pain. With treatment, the pain usually goes away in 1 to 2 weeks.
- Local Cold or Heat: During the first 2 days after a mild injury, apply a cold pack or ice bag (wrapped in a moist towel) to the sore muscles for 20 minutes four times a day. Wrap the cold pack in a towel to prevent frostbite. After 2 days, apply a heating pad or hot water bottle to the most painful area for 20 minutes whenever the pain flares up. Wrap hot water bottles or heating pads in a towel to avoid burns.
- Sleep: Sleep on your side with a pillow between your knees. If you sleep on your back, place a pillow under your knees to reduce stress on your lower back. Avoid sleeping on your abdomen. The mattress should be firm or reinforced with a board. Avoid waterbeds.
- Activity: Continue ordinary activities as much as your pain permits. Continued activity is more healing for the back than rest. Avoid any activities that significantly increase the pain. Avoid heavy lifting, twisting, and strenuous exercise until completely well (Note: complete bed rest is unnecessary).
- Pain Medicines:
- For pain relief, take acetaminophen , ibuprofen, or naproxen.
- Acetaminophen (e.g., Tylenol):
- Take 650 mg by mouth every 4-6 hours. Each Regular Strength Tylenol pill has 325 mg of acetaminophen.
- Another choice is to take 1,000 mg every 8 hours. Each Extra Strength Tylenol pill has 500 mg of acetaminophen.
- The most you should take each day is 3,000 mg.
- Ibuprofen (e.g., Motrin, Advil):
- Take 400 mg by mouth every 6 hours.
- Another choice is to take 600 mg by mouth every 8 hours.
- Use the lowest amount that makes your pain feel better.
- Naproxen (e.g., Aleve):
- Take 250-500 mg by mouth every 12 hours.
- Use the lowest amount that makes your pain feel better.
- Acetaminophen is thought to be safer than ibuprofen or naproxen in people over 65 years old. Acetaminophen
is in many OTC and prescription medicines. It might be in more than one medicine that you are taking. You need to be careful and not take an overdose. An acetaminaphen overdose can hurt the liver.
- Before taking any medicine, read all the instructions on the package.
- The only way to prevent future backaches is to keep your back muscles in excellent physical condition.
- A sedentary lifestyle (lack of exercise) is a risk factor for developing back pain.
- Walking, stationary biking, and swimming provide good aerobic conditioning as well as exercise for your back.
- Being overweight puts more weight on the spine and thus increases the risk of back pain. If you are overweight, work with your doctor to develop a weight-loss program.
- Good Body Mechanics:
- Lifting: Stand close to the object to be lifted. Keep your back straight and lift by bending your legs. Ask for lifting help if needed.
- Sleeping: Sleep on a firm mattress.
- Sitting: Avoid sitting for long periods of time without a break. Avoid slouching. Place a pillow or towel behind your lower back for support.
- Posture: Maintain good posture.
- Strengthening Exercises:
- During the first couple days after an injury, strengthening exercises should be avoided.
- The following exercises can help strengthen the back. Perform the following exercises 3-10 times each day, for 5-10 seconds each time.
- Bent knee sit-ups: Lay on back, curl forward lifting shoulders about 6 inches (15 cm) off the floor.
- Leg lifts: Lay on back, lift foot 6 inches off floor (one leg at a time).
- Pelvic tilt: Lay on back with knees bent, push lower back against floor.
- Chest lift: Lie face down on ground, place arms by your sides, lift shoulders off the floor.
- Call Your Doctor If:
- Numbness or weakness occur
- Bowel/bladder problems occur
- Pain persists for more than 2 weeks
- You become worse
And remember, contact your doctor if you develop any of the "Call Your Doctor" symptoms.
Author and Senior Reviewer: David A. Thompson, M.D. Clinical content review provided by Senior Reviewer and Healthpoint Medical Network.
Last Review Date: 11/18/2011
Last Revised: 11/18/2011
Content Set: Adult HouseCalls Symptom Checker
Version Year: 2012
Portions Copyright 2000-2012 Self Care Decisions LLC; LMS, Inc.