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In the United States, about 1 in 10 babies is born prematurely each year; prematurity is the second leading cause of infant mortality at a rate of 107 per 100,000 births. In Colorado, that translates to 128 babies born preterm each week. The Children’s Hospital Colorado population in this age group is 40,000 individual children participating in over 117,000 visits to Children’s Colorado providers.
According to the CDC, childhood experiences, both positive and negative, have a tremendous impact on future violence victimization and perpetration, and lifelong health and opportunity. As such, early experiences are an important public health issue. Much of the foundational research in this area has been referred to as Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs).
Examples of ACEs include: Parental divorce/separation; emotional abuse; having a substance-abusing household member; physical abuse; living with someone who had a mental illness; sexual abuse; and domestic violence, among the most common. ACEs are common among adult Coloradans, with 61.7% being exposed to at least one type of ACE. More than one-third of adults have a history of multiple types of ACE. Nearly 15 percent of adults experienced four or more ACEs, and some adults have a history of all eight types (0.4%. (Colorado Essentials for Childhood)
We now know that what happens to children during the first two years of life makes an impact on lifelong health and well-being. While positive interactions help build the foundation for a healthy mind and body, adverse experiences and environments can negatively affect development and well-being. Young children depend on their caregivers to protect them from negative experiences and events.
When young children are exposed to negative experiences or events and don’t have caregivers who can support them and buffer them from the stress, they may experience Toxic Stress. This means that healthy development is derailed by excessive or prolonged activation of stress response systems in the body and brain (Harvard University Center on the Developing Child).
Such toxic stress can damage the healthy development of a child. Positive interactions help build the foundation for a healthy mind and body, while adverse experiences and environments can negatively affect development and well-being.
Learn what we're doing to address prematurity and how you can get involved in these initiatives.
We’re aiming to increase universal awareness of the importance of a child’s first thousand days of life using a broad media campaign to reach caregivers, community members and providers who work with young children and their families. Web and text-based resources and information will offer more in-depth information.
We’re focused on improving Children's Colorado’s position as a policy advocate by assessing the hospital’s own internal family-friendly policies, particularly those that impact the caregivers of young children, and creating a “best-in-class” work environment to benefit those caregivers.
We’re working to increase healthcare provider awareness and understanding of the importance of the First 1,000 Days by offering comprehensive and impactful training to all levels of our medical staff. Training efforts will expand to providers at pediatric and family practices outside of the Children's Colorado network.
We are working on implementing universal psychosocial screening using standardized tools in key departments within Children's Colorado to identify young children at risk or already facing adversity. We will then provide triage, referral, care coordination and targeted interventions to those families whose personal circumstances are negatively impacting the health of their children.
We’re expanding partnerships with pre-natal and early childhood providers in order to reduce premature births, increase referrals to pediatric settings that prioritize social and emotional health, and ensure more babies and young parents receive care with medical homes.
For more information or questions, please contact Abby English Waldbaum or Dr. Ayelet Talmi at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs)
Learn more from these Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Resources, which include tools on how to prevent ACEs, case studies on how states have used ACE data to inform child abuse work, select ACE-related journal articles, fact sheets to understand child maltreatment, select news articles, and more on prevention programs.