Children's Hospital Colorado
Pediatric Surgery

Benign Vertigo of Childhood (BVC)

Kids aren’t just mini adults. In fact, they’re incredibly different. That’s why they need incredibly different care.

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What is a benign vertigo of childhood (BVC)?

Benign vertigo of childhood (BVC) is the most common cause of dizziness in children. It is thought to be related to migraines. Like migraines, symptoms of BVC come and go. Episodes tend to be random and are not brought on by a specific motion or position. These episodes also tend to be short-lasting, and the child usually feels better after it passes.

BVC has also been known as benign paroxysmal vertigo of childhood (BPVC), benign recurrent vertigo (BRV) and migraine associated vertigo (MAV). Because these terms sound close to other types of vestibular disorders, providers have moved toward using “benign vertigo of childhood (BVC)” to reduce confusion.

What causes BVC?

The cause of BVC remains unknown, but children who experience it often have a family history of migraines. BVC is thought to be a precursor to traditional migraines that may start after puberty or in adulthood.

Who gets BVC?

BVC can affect children as young as 2 and may last for several months to several years. Episodes usually stop by the time the child approaches puberty. Children with a family history of migraines may be more likely to have BVC.

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