- Doctors & Departments
- Conditions & Advice
- Your Visit
- Research & Innovation
If you believe your child needs immediate attention and you have concerns for a life-threatening emergency, call 911. Not sure what counts as urgent and what's an emergency when your child is sick or injured? When it can't wait, know where to take your kids.
Barton D. Schmitt, M.D., FAAP
Infection Exposure Table
|Chickenpox||10-21||2 days before rash until all sores have crusts (6 - 7days)|
|Fifth disease (Erythema infectiosum)||4-14||7 days before rash until rash begins|
|Hand, foot, and mouth disease||3-6||Onset of mouth ulcers until fever gone|
|Impetigo (strep or staph)||2-5||Onset of sores until 24 hours on antibiotic|
|Lice||7||Onset of itch until 1 treatment|
|Measles||8-12||4 days before rash until 4 days after rash appears|
|Roseola||9-10||Onset of fever until rash gone (2 days)|
|Rubella (German measles)||14-21||7 days before rash until 5 days after rash appears|
|Scabies||30-45||Onset of rash until 1 treatment|
|Scarlet fever||3-6||Onset of fever or rash until 24 hours on antibiotic|
|Shingles (contagious for chicken pox)||14-16||Onset of rash until all sores have crusts (7 days) (Note: No need to isolate if sores can be kept covered.)|
|Bronchiolitis||4-6||Onset of cough until 7 days|
|Colds||2-5||Onset of runny nose until fever gone|
|Cold sores (herpes)||2-12||Footnote 1|
|Coughs (viral) or croup (viral)||2-5||Onset of cough until fever gone|
|Diphtheria||2-5||Onset of sore throat until 4 days on antibiotic|
|Influenza||1-2||Onset of symptoms until fever gone|
|Sore throat, strep||2-5||Onset of sore throat until 24 hours on antibiotic|
|Sore throat, viral||2-5||Onset of sore throat until fever gone|
|Tuberculosis||6-24 months||Until 2 weeks on drugs (Note: Most childhood TB is not contagious.)|
|Whooping cough||7-10||Onset of runny nose until 5 days on antibiotic|
|Diarrhea, bacterial||1-5||Footnote 2 for Diarrhea Precautions|
|Diarrhea, giardia||7-28||Footnote 2 for Diarrhea Precautions|
|Diarrhea, traveler's||1-6||Footnote 2 for Diarrhea Precautions|
|Diarrhea, viral (Rotavirus)||1-3||Footnote 2 for Diarrhea Precautions|
|Hepatitis A||14-50||2 weeks before jaundice begins until jaundice resolved (7 days)|
|Pinworms||21-28||Minimally contagious, staying home is unnecessary|
|Vomiting, viral||2-5||Until vomiting stops|
|Infectious mononucleosis||30-50||Onset of fever until fever gone (7 days)|
|Meningitis, bacterial||2-10||7 days before symptoms until 24 hours on IV antibiotics in hospital|
|Meningitis, viral||3-6||Onset of symptoms and for 1-2 weeks|
|Mumps||12-25||5 days before swelling until swelling gone (7 days)|
|Pinkeye without pus (viral)||1-5||Mild infection, staying home is unnecessary|
|Pinkeye with pus (bacterial)||2-7||Onset of pus until 1 day on antibiotic eyedrops|
Cold sores: Less than 6 years old, contagious until cold sores are dry (4-5 days). No isolation if sores are on part of body that can be covered. More than 6 years old, no isolation necessary if beyond touching, picking stage.
Diarrhea Precautions: Contagious until stools are formed. Stay home until fever is gone, diarrhea is mild, blood and mucus are gone, and toilet-trained child has control over loose stools. Shigella and E-coli 0157 require extra precautions. Consult your child care provider regarding attendance restrictions.
The information contained in these topics is not intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, it is provided for educational purposes only. You assume full responsibility for how you choose to use this information.
Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider before starting any new treatment or discontinuing an existing treatment. Talk with your healthcare provider about any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Nothing contained in these topics is intended to be used for medical diagnosis or treatment.
If you think that your child is having a medical emergency, call 911 or the number for the local emergency ambulance service NOW!
And when in doubt, call your child's doctor NOW or go to the closest emergency department.
The search for nearby emergency and urgent care facilities is based upon Google search parameters. You will get results based on how facilities manage their website information.
By using this website, you accept the information provided herein "AS IS." Neither publishers nor the providers of the information contained herein will have any liability to you arising out of your use of the information contained herein or make any expressed or implied warranty regarding the accuracy, content, completeness, reliability, or efficacy of the information contained within this website.