- Feeling depressed or very sad
- Less joy from life. Less interest in normal activities.
- Concerns about risk for suicide are also covered.
People with depression have many of these symptoms:
- Feeling sad all the time
- Not able to find joy or happiness
- Loss of interest in daily activities that used to bring them pleasure
- Loss of energy (tired all the time)
- Loss of drive, doesn't complete school work
- Feeling hopeless
- Feeling worthless or guilty
- Not able to focus or make choices
- Trouble sleeping or sleeping a lot
- Easily upset or angry
- Makes less eye contact than usual
- Talks less than usual
- Spends more time alone
- Withdrawal from social contacts
- Neglects personal grooming
- Severe depression: thoughts of death or about hurting oneself
Stresses in life can trigger a bout of depression or make it worse. Causes can include:
- Death of a loved one
- Loss of a close friend or romance
- Failure in a class at school
- Loss of a job
- Major life changes, such as moving to a new town or starting college
- Long term, severe illness that is not getting better
- Genetics: depression can run in some families
Suicide in the US
- Depression is a risk factor for suicide. It's a small risk, but a real one.
- Suicide attempts, threats or plans must always be taken very seriously. Thoughts or talk about killing or hurting oneself also need evaluation on a timely basis. So do comments about "no reason to live." Emergency rooms are often your best resource.
- Suicide is the second most common cause of death in teens. Motor vehicle accidents are number one.
- About 7% of teens attempt suicide.
- Suicide deaths in the 15 to 24 age group are about 5,000 per year.
- Suicide risk starts at age 10, upon starting middle school.
- These rates have gone up during the COVID-19 pandemic.
- Depression and suicide are a mental health crisis in the US.