Urgent or Emergency Care?
If you believe your child needs immediate attention and you have concerns for a life-threatening emergency, call 911. Not sure what counts as urgent and what's an emergency when your child is sick or injured? When it can't wait, know where to take your kids.
Help Me Decide
- A tick (small brown bug) is attached to the skin
- A tick was removed from the skin
Symptoms of a Tick Bite
- The tick bite does not cause pain or itch. So, ticks may not be noticed for a few days.
- After feeding on blood, ticks get swollen and easier to see.
- Ticks fall off on their own after sucking blood for 3 to 6 days.
- After the tick comes off, a little red bump may be seen.
- The red bump or spot is the body's response to the tick's saliva (spit).
- While it's sucking blood, some of its spit gets mixed in.
Causes of Tick Bites
- The wood tick (dog tick) is the size of an apple seed. After feeding, it can double or triple in size. Sometimes, it can pass on Rocky Mountain spotted fever or Colorado tick fever.
- The deer tick is the size of a poppy seed. After a feeding, it can triple in size. Sometimes, it can pass on Lyme disease.
- Over 95% of people who get Lyme disease live in or have traveled to 14 high-risk states. Lyme disease mainly occurs in the Northeast, Mid-Atlantic and upper Midwest. Many states do not have Lyme disease. The CDC reports over 30,000 new cases per year (2015).
- About 80% of Lyme disease starts with a bull's eye rash called erythema migrans. The rash starts at the site of the tick bite. Treatment of this rash with 14 days of an antibiotic is advised. This almost always prevents the later stages of Lyme Disease. If Lyme Disease isn't treated, heart, joint and neurologic problems can occur.
- Giving antibiotics after deer tick bites to prevent Lyme Disease is usually not helpful. If the deer tick was attached over 36 hours, antibiotics may help. Ask your doctor for advice.
- The risk of Lyme Disease after a deer tick bite is low. Even in high risk areas, only 2% of deer tick bites cause Lyme Disease.
Call Doctor Now or Go to ER
- Can't remove the tick after trying this care advice
- Widespread rash starts 2 to 14 days after the bite
- Fever or headache starts 2 to 14 days after the bite
- Fever and bite looks infected (spreading redness)
- Weak, droopy face or crooked smile
- Your child looks or acts very sick
- You think your child needs to be seen, and the problem is urgent
Call Doctor Within 24 Hours
- Deer tick was attached for over 36 hours
- New redness starts more than 24 hours after the bite. Note: Bacterial infection is rare. It does not start until at least 24-48 hours after the bite.
- Over 48 hours since the bite and redness now getting larger
- Red-ring or bull's eye rash occurs around a deer tick bite. (Note: The rash of Lyme disease starts 3 to 30 days after the bite)
- You think your child needs to be seen, but the problem is not urgent
Call Doctor During Office Hours
- You have other questions or concerns
Self Care at Home
- Tick bite with no complications
Treating Tick Bites
- What You Should Know About Tick Bites:
- Most tick bites are harmless.
- The spread of disease by ticks is not common. Even in high risk areas, only 2% of deer tick bites cause Lyme Disease.
- If the tick is still attached to the skin, it needs to be taken out.
- Using petroleum jelly or nail polish to cover the tick doesn't work. Neither does rubbing alcohol or a soapy cotton ball. Touching the tick with a hot or cold object also doesn't work.
- Try one of the methods described below to take out the tick.
- Wood Tick - How to Remove With Tweezers:
- Use tweezers. Grasp the tick as close to the skin as possible (on its head).
- Hold the tweezers sideways next to the top of the skin.
- Pull the wood tick straight upward without twisting or crushing it.
- Keep a steady pressure until the tick lets go of its grip.
- If you don't have tweezers, you can use your fingers.
- Other options. You can use a loop of thread around the jaws. You can also use a needle pushed between the jaws for traction.
- Deer Tick - How to Remove:
- If it is swollen, try to remove with a tweezers. See wood tick advice.
- Tiny deer ticks need to be scraped off.
- You can remove them with the edge of a credit card.
- Tick's Head - How to Remove:
- If the wood tick's head (mouth parts) breaks off in the skin, remove any large pieces.
- Clean the skin with rubbing alcohol.
- Use a clean tweezers or needle to scrape it off.
- If a small piece remains, the skin will slowly heal and shed it.
- Antibiotic Ointment:
- After the tick is removed, wash the wound with soap and water. Also, wash your hands after you are done.
- This helps to prevent catching any infections carried by the tick.
- Use an antibiotic ointment (such as Polysporin). No prescription is needed.
- Put it on the bite once.
- What to Expect:
- Most often, tick bites don't itch or hurt.
- That's why they may not be noticed.
- The little bump goes away in 2 days.
- If the tick transferred a disease, a rash will occur. It will appear in the next 4 weeks.
- Call Your Doctor If:
- You tried and can't remove the tick or the tick's head
- Fever or rash happens in the next 4 weeks
- Bite starts to look infected
- You think your child needs to be seen
- Your child becomes worse
Prevent Tick Bites
- Prevent Tick Bites:
- After being outdoors in deer tick areas, check for ticks and remove any that are attached. Also, take a shower soon after coming inside. Tumble any clothing in a hot dryer for 10 minutes. That should kill any ticks left in the clothing.
- When hiking outside where there are ticks, wear long clothing. Tuck the ends of pants into socks. Use a bug repellent to shoes, socks and exposed skin.
- Permethrin products can be put on clothing. Because of this, it is a better choice against ticks than DEET.
- Tick Repellent for Clothing - Permethrin:
- Permethrin products (such as Duranon) work well to repel ticks.
- Unlike DEET, these products are put on clothing instead of skin. They also can last through many washes. Use it on pant cuffs, socks and shoes. You can also put it on other outdoor items (bug netting, sleeping bags).
- Do not put it on skin. Reason: Sweat changes it so it does not work.
- Tick Repellent for Skin - DEET:
- DEET also works well to repel ticks. It can be used on the skin not covered by clothing.
- Use 20-30% DEET for children and teens (AAP). Note: 30% DEET protects for 6 hours.
- DEET is approved for use in children over 2 months of age (AAP).
This is a picture of a female American brown Wood Tick.
The Wood Tick (or dog tick) is the size of a watermelon seed and can sometimes transmit Rocky Mountain spotted fever and Colorado tick fever.
The Deer Tick (black-legged tick) is between the size of a poppy seed (pin head) and an apple seed.
The deer tick is found on a wide rage of hosts including mammals, birds and reptiles.
This tick can transmit Lyme disease to humans and animals during feeding; this occurs when the tick insert its mouth parts into the skin of a host and slowly ingests the host's blood.
Wood Tick Removal:
- Use a pair of tweezers and grasp the wood tick close to the skin (on its head). See image.
- Pull the wood tick straight upward without twisting or crushing it. Maintain a steady pressure until it releases its grip.
- If tweezers aren't available, use fingers, a loop of thread around the jaws, or a needle between the jaws for traction.
Tiny Deer Tick Removal:
- Needs to be scraped off with a knife blade or credit card edge.
- Place tick in a sealed container (e.g., glass jar, zip lock plastic bag), in case your doctor wants to see it.
Note: Covering the tick with petroleum jelly, nail polish or rubbing alcohol doesn't work. Neither does touching the tick with a hot (like a match) or cold object.
The majority of cases of Lyme disease start with a bull's eye rash ("erythema chronicum migrans") at the site of the tick bite. The rash can occur days to weeks (typically 7-10 days) after a tick bite.
Treatment with antibiotics is indicated if this rash appears.
It is thought that Lyme Disease can be prevented if the tick is removed within 24 hours of attachment.
This photos shows an engorged (full with blood) wood tick hiding in the hair on the back of the head.
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- Your child could have an underlying medical problem that requires a physician to detect.
- If your child is taking medications, they could influence how he experiences various symptoms.
If you think that your child is having a medical emergency, call 911 or the number for the local emergency ambulance service NOW!
And when in doubt, call your child's doctor NOW or go to the closest emergency department.
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