Children's Hospital Colorado
Colorado Fetal Care Center
Colorado Fetal Care Center

Maternal Fetal Medicine Program

A woman with long brown hair holds a baby boy.

An early and accurate diagnosis of a mother or baby’s medical condition is critical in caring for a high-risk pregnancy. The Maternal Fetal Medicine (MFM) team is comprised of internationally recognized fetal care specialists working together to ensure the best possible outcomes for these situations.

From preconception consultation and prenatal diagnosis, through delivery and follow-up care, the Maternal Fetal Medicine team has expertise in all types of conditions affecting both mom and fetus. They work in collaboration with the patient’s primary OB throughout pregnancy and delivery, as well as other expert specialists in specific fields. They include fields such as cardiology, oncology, neonatology, anesthesiology, and before birth/pediatric surgery, to care for high-risk maternal medical conditions.

When a pregnancy is high-risk due to complications with the baby, the Maternal Fetal Medicine expert works closely with the team of specialists who will take care of the baby before and after birth. This may include surgery or therapy for the child while still in the womb.

A pregnancy is considered high-risk when:

  • The mother has a high-risk medical condition, like diabetes, heart disease or cancer.
  • An unborn baby is diagnosed with a high-risk condition prenatally, such as a congenital heart defect or abdominal wall abnormality.
  • A complication develops during pregnancy, such as preterm labor or preeclampsia.
  • Pregnancy of multiples, such as twins or triplets (or even quadruplets).

Our Maternal Fetal Medicine specialists will be with you every step of the way, along with our concierge-oriented Colorado Fetal Care Center (CFCC) Nurse Coordinators. Other internationally recognized genetic, medical and surgical specialists on our CFCC team will participate in your care as well.

  • Preconception consultations, including genetic testing
  • Management of pregnancies complicated by maternal medical conditions, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis), cancer, kidney disease, organ transplants and autoimmune disease
  • Management of complications of pregnancy such as preterm premature rupture of membranes, preterm labor, preeclampsia, HELLP syndrome, acute fatty liver of pregnancy, placenta previa and accreta, and gestational diabetes
  • State-of-the-art diagnostic imaging (ultrasound, fetal echocardiography and MRI) and prenatal diagnosis
  • High-risk labor and delivery
  • World-renowned fetal care including in utero therapy for twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome, myelomeningocele, and fetal transfusions

If a high-risk pregnancy is confirmed, your Maternal Fetal Medicine specialists will introduce you and your family to an interdisciplinary team of adult and pediatric specialists who will work with you to manage every aspect of the pregnancy, including and beyond delivery.

After delivery, you and your baby will have access to all of the region’s top medical specialists at University of Colorado Hospital and Children’s Hospital Colorado. If your baby needs intensive care after birth, he or she may be transferred to the Neonatology team and stay in one of our state-of-the-art NICUs at either University of Colorado Hospital or Children's Colorado. Babies with cardiac defects will be cared for by pediatric cardiologists, cardiac intensivists and pediatric cardiology nurses at the Heart Institute at Children's Colorado.


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