What are the options for VSD treatment at Children's Hospital Colorado?
If your child has a ventricular septal defect, your pediatric cardiologist will want to carefully monitor him or her to make sure the condition is not causing damage to the heart. You will likely have frequent appointments and repeated tests at our Heart Institute to track the condition.
If your child has symptoms like shortness of breath or trouble nursing, he or she will be given medications to help treat these symptoms and help the heart beat more efficiently. Some VSDs will close on their own, without a surgical procedure.
However, if your child has symptoms despite the medications or if the hole is too large to close on its own, surgery should be performed to close it. Some VSDs should be closed regardless of their size because of their position within the heart wall.
A small VSD may cause no problems and many may close on their own.
However, babies born with larger VSDs often need surgical repair in the first few months of life to prevent long-term complications. In this case, ventricular septal defects are usually repaired with open heart surgery by a pediatric cardiac surgeon. In some situations, minimally invasive surgical approaches may be used. This type of surgery is relatively low-risk and most children are home within 3-5 days after surgery.
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