Normal life looks a lot different these days, especially in healthcare. But there is one thing that hasn’t changed at Children’s Colorado: Your child’s health and safety are our highest priority. Kids need great pediatric care as much now as ever, and it’s for that reason that we’re reactivating services we temporarily suspended due to the pandemic. We are here to deliver safe, thoughtful, high-quality care for kids who need it. Learn what to expect – and all the ways we’re keeping patients safe.
If you're concerned that you or your child may have been exposed to COVID-19, please do NOT visit an emergency or urgent care location. Instead, call your doctor or our free ParentSmart Healthline at 720-777-0123 for guidance.
In life-threatening emergencies, find the emergency room location nearest you. For non-life-threatening medical needs when your pediatrician is unavailable, visit one of our urgent care locations.
Auditory brain response (ABR): a type of hearing test often performed after an infant fails the initial newborn hearing exam or when unable to complete a good hearing test; it is sometimes done under anesthesia
Alar cartilage: cartilage that forms the outer side of each nostril
Alveolus: the upper gum line; the part of the bony upper jaw that contains teeth
Articulation: the formation of speech sounds
Audiologic evaluation: a hearing test
Bilateral cleft: a cleft (split or opening) that occurs on both sides
Bone morphogenic protein (BMP): a growth hormone that stimulates bone growth; it is used to fill in the gap in the gum line where the gum (alveolus) is clefted at the time of the bone graft surgery
Cleft: a split or opening
Columella: tissue at the base of the nose that separates the nostrils
Congenital: existing at the time of birth
Cross bite: when the upper teeth sit behind the lower teeth, instead of in front of them
Deciduous teeth (baby teeth): a child’s first set of teeth; these teeth fall out as a part of normal development
Denasality: vocal quality that lacks a normal nasal sound (sounds like a stuffy nose); also known as hypo-nasality
Dental arch: the horseshoe shape of the upper gum
Effusion: collection of fluid in the middle ear space; common among children with cleft palate and can negatively affect hearing
Eustachian tube: the tube that connects the middle ear to the back of the throat
Fistula: an abnormal opening that can occur after surgical repair of the palate
Genetics: the science of genes and heredity
Hyper-nasality: greater than normal nasal quality during speech
Hypo-nasality: vocal quality that lacks normal nasal quality during speech (stuffy nose), (also known as denasality)
Malocclusion: incorrect positioning of upper teeth in relation to lower teeth
Mandible: the lower jaw, including the chin
Maxilla: the bony upper jaw, including the area above the upper lip and under the nose
Microform cleft: a very slight cleft (split or opening) in the lip or muscle of the lip
Mixed dentition: period of time when children have both baby teeth and permanent teeth
Nasal ala: wings or sides of the nostrils
Nasal emission: amount of air that flows through the nose during speech
Nasal regurgitation: food or liquids leaking out through the nose
Nasal septum: internal structure that divides the nasal cavity
Nasal endoscopy: a procedure in which a small camera is inserted through the nose to look at palate and throat movement during speech
Nostril retainer: plastic device used after surgical repair of the lip and nose to help hold the shape of the nostrils as the tissue heals or to help keep the nostrils open
Obturator: retainer-like device placed in the roof of the mouth to cover the cleft (split or opening); helps with feeding and speech development
Occlusion: relationship between the upper and lower teeth when they are in contact
Otitis media: ear infection
Palate: roof of the mouth (made up of a hard section and a soft tissue section)
Pharyngeal: relating to the pharynx or back of the throat
Philtrum: middle of the upper lip
Premaxilla: front central section of the upper gum usually containing the four upper front teeth
Prolabium: front portion of the upper lip
Resonance: quality of voice sound
Submucous cleft: a cleft (split or opening) affecting the muscles that attach in the middle of the soft palate, but the visible skin is still intact
Unilateral cleft: a split or opening (cleft) in one side of the lip or palate; can be completely open or partially slit
Uvula: small cone-shaped tissue that hangs down from the soft palate in the back of the mouth; looks like a little punching bag
Velopharyngeal closure: closure of the back end of the roof of the mouth (soft palate) and the back wall of the throat (pharynx)
Velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI): occurs during speech without a good seal between the nose and the mouth; resulting in hypernasal speech as air escapes from the back of the throat
Vermillion: the vertical groove in the center portion of the upper lip
Vermillion border: where the red portion of the lip meets the lighter skin portion of the lip
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Children's Hospital Colorado providers
Children’s Hospital Colorado providers are faculty members of the University of Colorado School of Medicine. Our specialists are nationally ranked and globally recognized for delivering the best possible care in pediatrics.
Some healthcare professionals listed on our website have medical privileges to practice at Children’s Hospital Colorado, but they are community providers. They schedule and bill separately for their services, and are not employees of the Hospital.