Polyposis Syndromes: How We Treat

How are polyposis syndromes treated?

Inherited polyposis syndromes are treated by pediatric gastroenterologists who perform endoscopy, colonoscopy, and enteroscopy to identify and remove polyps. During these procedures our patients are sedated or under general anesthesia to make them as comfortable as possible. Listed below is what each procedure entails.

Endoscopy:
A procedure used to examine a patient’s gastrointestinal tract and small bowel by passing a camera through a patient’s mouth and stomach.

Colonoscopy:
A narrow, flexible camera is passed through a patient’s anus to examine the bowel and lower portion of the small intestines. 

Enteroscopy:
A long flexible tube with a balloon attached is used to advance further into the intestinal tract than conventional endoscopes or colonoscopes.

A surveillance program is then put in place to help patients and doctors monitor the growth or development of any new polyps. Genetic counseling, family screening, and diagnosis and treatment of any cancers are also important. Medications are not very effective in preventing polyp formation at this time.

Why choose Children’s Hospital Colorado for your child’s polyposis syndrome?

Children’s Colorado provides child-specific state-of-the-art care for children with inherited polyposis syndromes, from their diagnosis and treatments to follow up care and specialized preventative medicine. At Children’s Colorado, we use the latest technologies to make diagnosis and treatment as painless as possible. Our doctors provide Advanced Interventional Pediatric Endoscopy using techniques specific to each patient including:

  • Balloon enteroscopy 
  • During video capsule endoscopy patients swallow a camera that takes a video as it passes through the gastrointestinal tract 
  • Polypectomy snare techniques remove polyps by grabbing them from the bowel wall 
  • APC polyp ablation removes polyps using energy while keeping the bowel muscles safe  

Our Radiology Department provides the latest in kid-friendly imaging technology while minimizing radiation exposure including MR enterography. The Hereditary Cancer Risk Assessment Clinic at Children’s Colorado also provides family screening and genetic counseling for our inherited polyposis syndrome patients.