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Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia (PCD): Signs and Symptoms

What are the signs and symptoms of primary ciliary dyskinesia?

Most people with PCD have symptoms from birth or beginning at a very young age. Symptoms generally affect the sinuses, ears and lungs and include:

  • Chronic nasal congestion
  • Chronic sinus infections
  • Chronic middle ear infections
  • Chronic cough
  • Recurrent pneumonia
  • Runny nose with discharge
  • Difficulty breathing or oxygen need in newborns
  • Hearing loss

About half of people with PCD also have Kartagener syndrome. This involves three disorders: chronic sinusitis (the sinuses are often infected or inflamed), bronchiectasis (the airways widen and become