How is CPAM treated?
Because cysts and lesions associated with congenital pulmonary airway malformation vary so much in severity, treatment plans vary just as widely. Depending on how the condition is impacting the baby, treatment options can range from surgery to specific support after delivery.
The Colorado Fetal Care Center is one of the most experienced and trusted fetal care centers for diagnosing and treating babies with congenital pulmonary airway malformation. Our state-of-the-art facility offers the best standards in treatments, as well as the best outcomes for babies diagnosed with congenital pulmonary airway malformation.
Congenital pulmonary airway malformation treatment, in general, includes monitoring, fetal intervention and surgery after birth:
After diagnosis, we monitor the unborn baby with frequent ultrasounds to determine the growth of the mass and whether the mass is affecting surrounding organs. We might order other diagnostic tests to rule out concurrent conditions. Often, we'll perform a detailed ultrasound of the baby's heart (fetal echocardiogram) to assess the heart structures as well as how those structures are functioning.
Our team of fetal CPAM experts have thoroughly researched measurements and outcomes to determine which babies could potentially benefit from treatment before birth. During their research, they found that babies who have developed CPAM, a dominant cyst and hydrops before 32 weeks may be candidates for treatment in utero.
Using ultrasound or other imaging methods to view the fetus and cyst, a thin tube (called a shunt) can be directly inserted into the cyst and left in place to drain the cyst into the amniotic fluid. This will cause the cyst to shrink and stop or decrease the accumulation of fluid in the fetus.
Some cases of CPAM have multiple cysts that require fetus thoracoscopy to break up the cysts before the shunt can be placed. There is also a subset of patients who might benefit from open fetal surgery, whereby the CPAM is surgically removed from the baby's chest while still in the mother’s uterus.
Surgical treatment post-birth
Some cases of CPAM will regress quickly before birth, which is why monitoring mass growth is so important before deciding on surgical treatment. Careful evaluation after birth is also important to ensure the mass has gone away if it was not removed before birth. Subtle abnormalities might be evident on a chest X-ray, but a chest CT or MRI may be necessary to detect residual CPAM tissue.
Complete removal of the CPAM mass, usually by taking out the entire affected lung lobe (lobectomy), is the treatment of choice for CPAM if we still find cysts or masses after initial treatments.
What are the outcomes for CPAM surgery?
The long-term outcome for infants following CPAM surgery is excellent. Infants usually have remarkable growth of lung tissue that remains following surgery, which usually compensates for the portion of lung that was removed (if any).
Why choose the Colorado Fetal Care Center for your child's CPAM treatment?
If your child was diagnosed with congenital pulmonary airway malformation, you probably have a lot of questions. The Colorado Fetal Care Center can answer them. Our team has a lot of experience caring for babies with CPAM, even though it is a rare condition.
When you come to our Center, you will have a full team of specialists to care for you and your baby so we meet all your needs. And you'll have the same team with you before, during and after birth. Our team will get to know your family and your specific needs, so we can meet them.
Learn more about the Colorado Fetal Care Center, including our latest outcomes and our comfortable setting.