Children's Hospital Colorado

Fire Ant Sting

Urgent or Emergency Care?

If you believe your child needs immediate attention and you have concerns for a life-threatening emergency, call 911. Not sure what counts as urgent and what's an emergency when your child is sick or injured? When it can't wait, know where to take your kids.

Help Me Decide

  • Stung by a fire ant
  • Fire ant stings are more common in the Southern U.S.

Local Skin Reactions to the Sting

  • The main symptoms are pain, burning, swelling and redness at the sting site.
  • Pain. Pain and burning at the site usually lasts 10 minutes. The pain is far less than that of a bee sting.
  • Itching. Itching follows the pain and can last for weeks.
  • Hive. Hive-like bump occurs at sting site within 30 minutes (100%). This looks like a red spot with raised white center.
  • Pimples. Pimples with yellow fluid (pustules) occur at the sting site within 24 hours (96%). These pimples are almost diagnostic for fire ant stings. They are very itchy. They usually open on their own by 3 days. Then, they dry over. Sometimes, they can last for up to a week.
  • Normal Swelling. Normal swelling from venom can increase for 24 hours after the sting. Stings of the upper face can cause severe swelling around the eye. This is harmless.
  • Severe Swelling. Sometimes, fire ant bites can cause severe swelling. Hand or foot bites can cause swelling that crosses the wrist (or ankle). The degree of swelling can interfere with function and need steroids. These do not carry an increased risk of allergic reaction with future stings.
  • Redness. Stings can become red. This is normal. That doesn't mean they are infected. Infections rarely occur in stings.

Anaphylactic Reaction to the Sting

  • A severe life-threatening allergic reaction is called anaphylaxis.
  • The main symptoms are hives with trouble breathing and swallowing. It starts within 2 hours of the sting.
  • This severe reaction to fire ant stings happens in 1 to 2% of children.
  • Hives. After fire ant stings, some children just develop hives all over or face swelling. Hives or face swelling alone may be able to be treated at home. But, at times, these symptoms can also lead to anaphylaxis. Be sure to call your doctor now to help decide.

Cause of Fire Ant Sting Reactions

  • The ant's stinger injects venom into the skin.
  • The venom is what causes all the symptoms.
  • A fire ant attaches to the skin with its jaws and swivels its body. It stings multiple times with its back stinger.
  • One fire ant can leave a semi-circular pattern of more than one sting.

General Information About Fire Ants

  • In infested areas, fire ants cause many more stings than bees or yellow jackets.
  • Over 50% of people living in these areas are stung each year.
  • Fire ants are found throughout the Southern U.S., from Florida to Texas. They have also appeared in California, New Mexico and Arizona.
  • Colonies of fire ants live in small mounds of dirt, usually 6 inches tall.
  • When the mound is disturbed, hundreds of fire ants stream out and attack.
  • The fire ant causes a "burning" feeling at the site of the stings. This is how it got its name.

Prevention of Fire Ant Stings

  • The only way to prevent fire ant stings is to avoid their colonies.
  • Teach your children to know their colonies (mounds) and to keep their distance.
  • Insect repellents (including those that have DEET) don't help to prevent fire ant stings.
  • Wear socks. Fire ants cannot bite through socks.

Call 911 Now

  • Past severe allergic reaction to fire ant stings (not just hives) and stung less than 2 hours ago
  • Wheezing or trouble breathing
  • Hoarseness, cough or tightness in the throat or chest
  • Trouble swallowing or drooling
  • Speech is slurred
  • Acts or talks confused
  • Passed out (fainted) or too weak to stand
  • You think your child has a life-threatening emergency

Go to ER Now

  • Hives or swelling all over the body

Call Doctor or Seek Care Now

  • Sting inside the mouth
  • Sting on the eye
  • Stomach pain or vomiting
  • Age less than 1 year with 20 or more stings. Newborn if more than 5.
  • More than 5 stings for 10 pounds (5 kg) of weight. In teens, more than 50 stings.
  • Fever and sting looks infected (spreading redness)
  • Your child looks or acts very sick
  • You think your child needs to be seen, and the problem is urgent

Call Doctor Within 24 Hours

  • Painful spreading redness started more than 24 hours after the bite. Note: any redness starting in the first 24 hours is a reaction to the bite.
  • More than 48 hours since the sting and redness getting larger
  • Swelling is huge (4 inches or 10 cm). It spreads across a joint such as the wrist.
  • You think your child needs to be seen, but the problem is not urgent

Call Doctor During Office Hours

  • Scab that looks infected (drains pus or gets bigger) not better with antibiotic ointment
  • Severe itching not better after 24 hours of using steroid cream
  • You have other questions or concerns

Self Care at Home

  • Normal reaction to a fire ant sting

Care Advice for Fire Ant Stings

  1. What You Should Know About Fire Ant Stings:
    • Pain from a fire ant sting is less severe than with a bee sting. Most often, it's gone in 10 minutes.
    • Fire ant stings form a pimple and become red. This is normal. That doesn't mean they are infected.
    • Here is some care advice that should help.
  2. Pain Medicine:
    • To help with the pain, give an acetaminophen product (such as Tylenol).
    • Another choice is an ibuprofen product (such as Advil).
    • Use as needed.
  3. Steroid Cream for Itching:
    • For relief of itching, use 1% hydrocortisone cream (such as Cortaid). Use 3 times per day. No prescription is needed.
  4. Allergy Medicine for Itching:
    • For severe itching or swelling, give Benadryl by mouth. No prescription is needed.
    • Use 3 times per day as needed.
  5. Pustules (Pimples) - Do Not Open:
    • By 24 hours, a small blister will form over the sting.
    • Do not open them.
    • Try not to scratch them.
    • If you open the blisters, they often become infected.
    • Left alone, they will most likely dry up in 4 days.
  6. Antibiotic Ointment:
    • If the pimples break open, use an antibiotic ointment (such as Polysporin.) No prescription is needed.
    • Use 3 times per day to prevent skin infections. Keep using it for 1 or 2 days.
  7. What to Expect:
    • Severe pain or burning at the site lasts 5 to 10 minutes.
    • Itching follows the pain and is the main symptom. It can last a week.
    • Swelling: Normal swelling from ant venom can increase for 24 hours after the sting.
    • The redness can last 3 days and the swelling 7 days.
  8. Call Your Doctor If:
    • Redness lasts over 3 days
    • Swelling becomes huge or spreads past the wrist or ankle
    • Sting begins to look infected (redness gets larger after 48 hours)
    • You think your child needs to be seen
    • Your child becomes worse

Disclaimer

The information contained in these topics is not intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, it is provided for educational purposes only. You assume full responsibility for how you choose to use this information.

Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider before starting any new treatment or discontinuing an existing treatment. Talk with your healthcare provider about any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Nothing contained in these topics is intended to be used for medical diagnosis or treatment.

  • Not a Substitute - The information and materials in Pediatric HouseCalls Symptom Checker should not be used as a substitute for the care and knowledge that your physician can provide to you.
  • Supplement - The information and materials presented here in Pediatric HouseCalls Symptom Checker are meant to supplement the information that you obtain from your physician. If there is a disagreement between the information presented herein and what your physician has told you -- it is more likely that your physician is correct. He or she has the benefit of knowing your child's medical problems.
  • Limitations - You should recognize that the information and materials presented here in Pediatric HouseCalls Symptom Checker have the following limitations, in comparison to being examined by your own physician:
    • You can have a conversation with your child's doctor.
    • Your child's doctor can perform a physical examination and any necessary tests.
    • Your child could have an underlying medical problem that requires a physician to detect.
    • If your child is taking medications, they could influence how he experiences various symptoms.

If you think that your child is having a medical emergency, call 911 or the number for the local emergency ambulance service NOW!

And when in doubt, call your child's doctor NOW or go to the closest emergency department.

The search for nearby emergency and urgent care facilities is based upon Google search parameters. You will get results based on how facilities manage their website information.

By using this website, you accept the information provided herein "AS IS." Neither publishers nor the providers of the information contained herein will have any liability to you arising out of your use of the information contained herein or make any expressed or implied warranty regarding the accuracy, content, completeness, reliability, or efficacy of the information contained within this website.

Copyright 2000-2018. Schmitt Pediatric Guidelines LLC.

Related departments

PRODWEBSERVER2