How is epilepsy in a child treated?
We provide different types of treatment for epilepsy in children including traditional anticonvulsant medications, dietary therapies, access to ongoing drug studies, vagal nerve stimulation (an epilepsy therapy designed to prevent seizures by sending regular, mild pulses of electrical energy to the brain) and epilepsy surgery.
Most children with epilepsy are able to control their seizures with medications:
- 60% of children with epilepsy respond well to their first medication.
- 10% will have seizures treated by their second or third medicine.
- 30% will have intractable seizures, or those that are difficult to control with medication alone. For children who have epilepsy that is very localized or difficult to treat, surgery may be an option.
Rescue medications are sometimes given for the family to use at home for epileptic seizures that occurs despite the use of medication that has otherwise successfully prevented seizures in the patient previously. These medications can include midazolam nasal spray or a rectal suppository such as Diastat.
Watch this video for step-by-step directions on how to administer intranasal midazolam if it has been prescribed by your provider.
The Surgical Epilepsy Program at Children's Colorado
If surgery is needed, our Pediatric Surgical Epilepsy Program provides the only comprehensive treatment program for chronic seizure disorders in the region. Brain Lab® image-guidance surgery allows our neurosurgeons to perform complex brain operations with virtual visualization of the critical brain structures and the location of seizure onset.
Our pediatric neurosurgeons use state-of-the-art laser technology to target deep brain lesions through very small openings. Our surgeons also use robotics to precisely place electrodes that can localize a hard to find seizure onset zone.
Our epilepsy surgery team also has pediatric experts from various specialties to help care for every part of a child's brain before, during and after surgery. Watch as our team explains how this makes a difference for patients.
Why choose Children’s Colorado for your child's epilepsy?
Experts at our Pediatric Epilepsy Program provide comprehensive care for babies, kids and young adults who suffer from seizures and epilepsy. Our patients range from children who have just experienced their first seizure, to those suffering from chronic and debilitating epilepsy.
We offer state-of-the-art treatment and evaluation by a multidisciplinary team consisting of neurosurgeons, neuropsychologists, social workers, nurses, dietitians and epileptologists (doctors who specialize in the treatment of epilepsy) who are all trained in pediatric epilepsy. We're also closely affiliated with local organizations and epilepsy resources to meet the needs of our patients.
In addition, Children's Colorado is located on the Anschutz Medical Campus, a major medical campus that provides access to comprehensive, high-quality care for pediatric patients, as well as education and research efforts in epilepsy.
Contact our Pediatric Epilepsy Program
For more information about the Pediatric Epilepsy Program at Children's Hospital Colorado, please contact us at 720-777-6895.